What we recommend in Type 2 Diabetes Treatment – Avoiding Hypoglycemia and Weight Gain

diabetes type 2 illustration One key aspect in the type 2 diabetes treatment is to avoid hypoglycemia and further weight gain. In our topic on type 2 diabetes, we classified treatments based on their risks of causing hypoglycemia and weight gain, and today we will elaborate on this topic.

Hypoglycemia simply means low blood sugar and it happens when our blood glucose level drops below the normal range. In diabetic patients, a blood glucose level below 3.9 mmol/L or 70 mg/dL is considered to be hypoglycemia.  Continue reading

What we recommend in Type 2 Diabetes Treatment – Preserving the Pancreas

type 2 diabetesAs we have discussed in our topic on type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes develops starting with our body developing resistance to the insulin our own pancreas is making. As a result, there is added pressure on the pancreas to produce more insulin to keep our blood sugar levels within normal range and over time our pancreas gets overworked and slowly loses its function. The main goal in type 2 diabetes treatment is obvious – keeping our blood glucose levels in check to prevent the development of nasty complications from having prolonged high blood sugar levels. But given the arsenal we have nowadays at our disposal, what we also need to consider is protecting and preserving our pancreatic functions while managing our blood sugars. Continue reading

Tips on Selecting OTC Cough and Cold Medications

Every pharmacy has an entire aisle designated for cough and cold remedies with dozens if not hundreds of products to select from. They range from familiar brand names we see daily from TV commercials such as Tylenol, Advil, Buckley’s, Robitussin, etc. to in-house and no-name generic brands. There are also a variety of products under each brand, for example Tylenol, Tylenol Complete, Tylenol Cough&Cold, Tylenol Flu, Tylenol Cold&Sinus…..and the list goes on. In order to select a product that is right for you, you will need to look beyond the brand logo in the front of the box and read the medical ingredients’ label to pick the product that contains the right mix of medical ingredients tailored for your symptoms.  Continue reading

SSL Certificate – Online Shopping

Nowadays people love the convenience of online shopping. But,  how do you know a shopping site protects your private information and most importantly credit card information? What should you be aware of when choosing an online shopping website?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) Certificates are used to establish a secure encrypted connection between a Internet browser (user’s computer) and a web server (website). The Secure Sockets Layer connection protects sensitive data that user enters, such as personal information and credit card information. Many platforms are using SSL certificate, such as GMail,  Facebook, Amazon and etc. When shopping on SSL certified website, user sensitive data are protected and encrypted. These websites have a lock in their URL when visited on an Internet browser (see screenshots below). You may click on the lock to view more information regarding the certificate. We are not going to spend lots of time explaining the technology behind SSL. Hopefully this give you an introduction of secured on-line shopping. For more information, please visit the links in the extend reading section. Continue reading

Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) – A Paradigm Change in HCV Treatment


Chronic Hepatitis C has often been referred to as the Silent Killer as most patients with the disease does not know they have it while overtime the virus continuously causes damage to the liver leading to cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer. Statistics in the United States showed that liver failure due to hepatitis C is the leading cause of liver transplants.

Traditionally, Hepatitis C treatment have been treated with a 48 week course of weekly injection of interferon coupled with ribavirin. The cure rates averaged lower than 50%. Many patients complained that the commonly experienced side effects — including nausea, diarrhea, itchy skin rashes, insomnia, and severe depression — were worse than the disease itself. Patients often had to discontinue therapy as interferon injections can cause serious adverse effects including decreased red and white blood cell counts. Continue reading